新闻英语词汇――新词新译 S

赛季 sports competition season

塞翁失马,焉知非福 Misfortune may be an actual blessing.

三八红旗手 woman pace-setter

三八线 38th Parallel

360度环幕电影 Circamara

三班倒 three shifts

三步走战略 the three-step development strategy

三产 tertiary industry

三大法宝 the three main and effective method

三大作风 the Party’s three important styles of work (integrating theory with practice, forging close links with the masses and practicing self-criticism)

三废(废气、废水、废渣) “three wastes”(waste gas, waste water and waste residues)

三分钟热度 brief period of enthusiasm

三高农业 “three highs” agriculture (high yield, high quality and high efficiency agriculture)

三个代表 three represents theory (the Party must always represent the requirements of the development of China’s advanced productive forces, the orientation of the development of China’s advanced culture, and the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of the people in China.)

三个有利于 three favorables (whether it promotes the growth of the productive forces in a socialist society, increases the overall strenth of the socialist state and raises the people’s living standards

三股企业 three-share enterprises―enterprises whose shares are purchased by government departments, local authorities and other enterprises

《三国演义》 The Romance of the Three Kingdoms

三好学生 merit student; three good student(good in study, attitude and health)

散户 retail / private investor

三讲教育(讲学习、讲政治、讲正气) three emphases education (to stress theoretical study, political awareness and good conduct); stress the need to study, to be political-minded and to be honest and upright

三角恋爱 love triangle

三角债 chain debt

散客 individual traveler

三来一补企业 “the enterprises that process raw materials on clients’ demands, assemble parts for the clients and process according to the clients’ samples; or engage in compensation trade.”

三连冠 three successive championships

三民主义 the Three People’s Principles (Nationalism, Democracy and the People’s Livelihood) put forward by Dr. Sun Yat-sen

三农问题 issues concerning agriculture, countryside and farmers

三陪 girls who provides illegal sexual services, esp. prostitute

三权分立 separation of the executive, legislative and judicial powers

三十而立 “A man should be independent at the age of thirty. / At thirty, a man should be able to think for himself.”

三通 “three direct links of trade, mail, and air and shipping services across the Taiwan Straits ”

三通一平 “three supplies and one leveling; supply of water, electricity and road and leveled ground (conditions ready for further economic development)”

三维电影 three-dimensional movie

三维动画片 three-dimensional animation

三无企业 “three-no-enterprises (It refers to enterprises with no capital, no plant, and no administrative structure.)”

三峡工程 Three Gorges Project

三峡水利枢纽二期工程 the second phase of the key water control project at the Three Gorges on the Yangtze River

三下乡 “a program under which officials, doctors, scientist and college students go to the countryside to spread scientific and literacy knowledge and offer medical service to farmers”

“三沿”开放(沿海、沿边、沿江) “Sea-shore, River-shore, Border-shore” opening-up

散装 load in bulk

三字经 three-character scripture

三资企业(中外合资企业,中外合作企业,外商独资企业) “three kinds of foreign-invested enterprises or ventures: Sino-foreign joint ventures, cooperative businesses and exclusively foreign-owned enterprises in China ”

三自原则 principles of self-administration, self-support and self-propagation

三等功 third-class merits

桑拿浴 sauna

散伙饭 goodbye dinner

三无人员 (无合法证件,无正常居所,无正当生活来源) people without identification papers, a normal residence permit, and a source of income; “sanwu” people

三峡移民 Migrants from Three Gorges area

扫黄,打非 eliminate pornography and illegal publications

扫盲 eliminate illiteracy

扫尾工作 round-off work; wind-up work

扫除文盲 eliminate illiteracy

森林覆盖率 forest coverage; percentage of forest cover

沙尘暴 sand storm; dust storm

杀鸡用牛刀 break a butterfly on the wheel

傻冒 blockhead; simpleton; foolishness; to exude foolishness

沙漠化 desertification

杀手锏 sudden thrust of the mace–one’s trump or master card

刹住大吃大喝、公费旅游、铺张浪费的奢侈之风 put a stop to extravagance and waste (wining and dining of official guests,touring the country at public expenses)

煞住歪风 put an end to the unhealthy practice

傻瓜相机 Instamatic (商标名, 焦距、镜头均固定,被称为foolproof相机)

山不在高,有仙则名 “No matter how high the mountain is, its name will spread far and wide if there is a fairy; ”

闪电战 blitz; lightning war

《山海经》 the Classic of Mountains and Rivers

闪客 flash

山姆大叔 Uncle Sam

煽情 arouse one’s enthusiasm or fervor

闪存卡 flash memory card

商办工业企业 industrial enterprises run by commercial units

上班时间 office hour

商标冒用 trade mark infringement

商标条款 brand clause

商标专利权 exclusive right to use trademark

商潮 business wave

上岗 go to one’s post; go on duty

上岗证 work license

上海合作组织 Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)

上海合作组织秘书处 Secretariat of Shanghai Cooperation Organization

上海五国第六次峰会 the sixth summit of Shanghai Five

上海五国机制 the Shanghai Five mechanism

商检局 Commodity Inspection Bureau

商界 the business circle

上马 start a project

上门服务 door-to-door service

上门推销员 knocker

商品步行街 shopping mall

商品储备 commodity supply

商品房 commercial residential building

商品房空置 the vacancy problem in commercial housing

商品过剩 glut of goods

商品化 commercialization

商品货币 commodity money

商品交易 commodity transaction

商品交易所 commodity exchange(center)

商品经济 commodity economy

商品条码 bar code

商品销路 commodity outlet

上山下乡 (of educated urban youth) go and work in the countryside or mountain areas

上市 to be listed

上市公司 listed companies

上网 to get on the Internet, surf the net

商务代表 commercial or trade representative

商务旅游 business travel

上新台阶 reach a new level; reach a higher stage of development

商业报价 commercial offer

商业保险资金 commercial insurance funds

商业炒作 commercial speculation

商业存在(服务贸易) commercial presence

商业贷款 commercial loan

商业道德 business ethics

商业动向 business trend

商业发票 commercial invoice

商业街 commercial street; business district

商业网点和设施 commodity network and facility

商业网点 commodity network

商业信贷原则 principles for commercial credit

商业预测 business forecasting

上有天堂,下有苏杭 “Just as there is paradise in heaven, ther are Suzhou and Hangzhou on earth.”

上火 suffer from too much internal heat

商务出境 outbound tour for commercial affairs

扫黄运动 anti-porn drive

少数服从多数、下级服从上级、局部服从全体、全党服从中央 “the minority is subordinate to the majority, the lower level to the higher level, the part to the whole and the entire membership of the Party to the Central Committee ”

少数民族地区 regions inhabited by ethnic groups

社会保障制度 social security system

社会保障支出 expenditure for social security

社会保障基金 social security funds

社会福利彩票 social welfare lotteries

社会公众利益 interests of the general public

社会化服务体系 socialized service system; social service system

社会集团购买力 the purchasing power of a social group

社会力量办学 running of schools by non-governmental sectors

社会名流 celebrity

社会热点问题 hot spots of society

社会事业 social undertakings

社会投资 nongovernmental investment

社会效益 social effect /results /benefit

社会舆论 public opinion

社会治安情况 public security situation

社会主义价值观 socialist value outlook

社会主义精神文明建设 socialist ideological and ethical progress

社会主义市场经济 socialist market economy

社会主义先进文化 an advanced socialist culture

社会主义政治文明建设 socialist political civilization

社会总产值 total social output value

社会总供给 total social supply

社会总需求 total social demand

社交 social intercourse

舍近求远 reject what is near at hand and seek what is far away

舍利子 Buddha’s relics

社论 editorial

社区服务 community services

蛇头 snakehead

涉外经济 foreign-related business

热线电话 telephone hotline

摄政王 acting king; prince regent

社会保险机构 social security institutions

社会公敌 a threat to society

社会信用体系 the social credit system

社会主义初级阶段 the primary stage of socialism

申办奥运会 bid for the Olympic Games

申办城市 the bidding cities

申办2008年奥运会 bid for 2008 Olympics

深层文化 deep culture

深化改革 deepen the reform

深加工 deep processing; further processing

深加工、高附加值矿产品 deep-processed mineral products with high added value

审时度势 size up the situation

申诉权 right of petition

身体素质 physique; physical constitution

神童 child prodigy

渗透、颠覆和分裂活动 infiltrative, subversive and splittist activities

身外之物 worldly possessions

审议会议 review conference

神州行电话卡 Shenzhou pre-paid card

申报财产 declare one’s assets

生产线 production line

生产性投资 productive investment

省会 provincial capital

圣火 sacred fire (such as the Olympic torch) 

生活补助 living subsidies

生活津贴 living allowance or subsistence allowance

升级换代 updating and upgrading (of products)

生计问题 bread-and-butter issue

生命银行 bank for keeping the donated organs and remains of dead persons for medical use

生态活动 eco-activity

生态建筑 ecological construction

生态林 ecological forest

生态旅游 ecotourism

生态农业 environmentally friendly agriculture

生态危机 eco-crisis

生态效益 ecological benefit

生态系统 ecological system(ecosystem)

生物工程 biological engineering

生物恐怖主义 bioterrorism

生物圈 biosphere

生物钟 biological clock; living clock; biochronometer

声讯台 information service center

生意兴隆 Business flourishes

圣战(伊斯兰教徒对异教徒的战争) jihad

生态补偿机制 a mechanism for ecological compensation

生效 come into force; take effect

升学率 enrolment rate

审美疲劳 aesthetic fatigue

申请破产保护 file for bankruptcy protection

申请专利 apply for a patent

神舟飞船 the Shenzhou spaceship

涉嫌犯罪案件 suspected criminal case

实报实销 complete reimbursement

时不我待 Time and tide wait for no man.

市场饱和 market saturation; saturated market

市场波动 market fluctuation

市场导向的就业机制 market-oriented employment mechanisms

市场供求关系 relation between market supply and demand

市场化 marketization

市场疲软 sluggish market

市场调节 market regulation; regulation market

市场营销学 marketing

市场占有率 market share

市场准入 market access, market admittance

时代的必然要求 inevitable demand of the times

时代感 sense of the times

适当增加中央预算内经常性建设投资 appropriately increase investment from the central budget for regular construction

试点工程;试点项目 pilot project

适度从紧的财政政策 moderately tight fiscal policy

适度微调 an appropriate amount of fine-tuning

实干 be steadfast and earnest in one’s work; get right on the job

实干家 man of action-a person who is earnest and down-to-earth in his work; a person who engages himself wholeheartedly in his work and has been successful

试管婴儿 test-tube baby

市话 local calls

实话实说 speak the plain truth; call a spade a spade; tell it as it is

实际使用投资 actual utilized investment

实际增长 grow in real terms

释迦牟尼 Sakyamuni

实践是检验真理的唯一标准 Practice is the sole criterion for testing truth.

世界奥林匹克日 the International Olympic Day

世界大学生运动会(大运会) Universiade; college students’ athletics meet

世界观、人生观、价值观 world outlook; outlook on life; values

实况转播 live broadcast

实例化教学 case study teaching

失恋 be disappointed in love; be jilted

适龄儿童入学率 enrolment rate for children of school age

十六大精神 the guiding principles of the Sixteenth National Congress

石漠化 stony desertification

视频点播 video on demand (VOD)

食品加工 food processing

食品卫生法 Food Hygiene Law of People’s Republic of China

世上无难事,只要肯攀登 “Where there is a will, there is a way. ”

实时达帐 real-time account settlement

实施精品战略 follow a strategy of product excellence

实事求是 seek truth from facts; be practical and realistic; be true to facts

事实求是 seek truth from facts; be practical and realistic; be true to facts

实收资本 paid-in capital

实体 entity

实体经济 the real economy

世外桃源 a fictitious land of peace away from the turmoil of the world;

十五计划《纲要》突出了战略性、宏观性、政策性 The Outline for the Tenth Five-Year highlights its strategic vision, broad perspectives and policy considerations

失物招领处 lost- and- found offices

实现零的突破 “fulfil the zero (gold medal, medal, etc) breakthrough”

实现小康目标 to achieve the goal of ensuring our people a relative comfortable life

实现中华民族伟大复兴 bring about a great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation

适销对路的产品 readily marketable products

实行股份制 enforce stockholding system

实行国民待遇 grant the national treatment to

实行计划生育、控制人口数量、提高人口素质 promotion of family planning to control the population size and improve the health of the people

师兄弟 (senior and junior) fellow apprentice

失学儿童 dropout

事业单位 public institution

失业金 unemployment compensation

十一界三中全会 the Third Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Party

市盈率 p/e (price/earning) ratio

试用期 probationary period

适者生存 survival of the fittest

施政纲领 administrative program

市政工程 municipal works; municipal engineering

市值 market capitalization

使中国经济与国际接轨 To bring China’s economy more in line with international practice

师资 qualified teachers

市场导向 market orientation

市场定位 market positioning

市场化制度 market-driven system

试点项目 pilot project

始发站 starting station

世界精神卫生日 World Mental Health Day

世界田径锦标赛 World Athletics Championships

世界预防自杀日 World Suicide Prevention Day

世界知识产权组织 World Intellectual Property Organization

石漠化 spread of stony deserts

实施办法 measures for the implementation

实事求是的态度 down-to-earth attitude

实施条例 regulations for the implementation

实施稳健的财政政策和货币政策 follow prudent fiscal and monetary policies

实施细则 rules for the implementation

失业保险 unemployment insurance benefits

十字绣 cross embroidery; cross-stitched embroidery

失足青年 young offender of the law; juvenile delinquent

首创精神 pioneering spirit

首次公开发行的股票 initial public offering (IPO)

首次上市(股票) IPO (Initial Public Offering)

首次载人航天飞行 first manned spaceflight

首发阵容(足球) first team

收购兼并 merger and acquisition

首航 maiden voyage (of an aircraft or ship)

售后服务 after-sale services

售后服务站 after-sale service station

手机充值 cellular phone replenishing

手机入网费 initiation charges for mobile phone; mobile access fee

手机综合症 mobile phone disease

首脑会议 summit conference

收拍 put away the racquets; conclude (a sports competition in badminton, Ping-Pong, tennis, etc. )

收盘价 closing price

首期按揭 down-payment

首日封 first day cover

收容遣送工作 handling of indigent migrants

瘦肉精(盐酸克伦特罗) clenobuterol hydrochloride

收入差距 income gap

收入分配调节 regulation of income distribution

收视率 viewing rate

寿司 sushi, a Japanese dish of rolls of cold rice flavoured and garnished

首席大检察官 procurator-in-chief

授信贷款 credit extension loan

授信额度 line of credit

首映式 opening of a film

受灾地区 disaster-affected are

受灾群众 people afflicted by a natural disaster

首班车时间 first vehicle hour

首次公开发行 initial public offering ( IPO)

首付 down payment

数据通信 data communication

树立企业良好形象 foster a good and healthy company image

数码港 cyberport

枢纽工程 multi-purpose project or pivotal project

税务师 tax accountant

数字地球 digital globe

数字蜂窝移动通信 digital cellular mobile telecommunications

数字图书馆 digital library

刷卡,划卡 to punch the card; to stamp the card

甩卖 clearance sale; be on sale

衰退产业援助机制 mechanisms to aid declining industries

涮羊肉 instant-boiled mutton

酸雨 acid rain

双层公共汽车 double-deck bus

双重标准 double standards

双重遏制政策 dual containment policy

双重国籍 dual nationality

双轨制 double-track system 

双解码 double decoding

双刃剑 double-edged sword

双向收费 two-way charge system

双向选择 two-way selection (referring to employer and employee choosing each other in a job market)

双学位 double degree;two Bachelor’s degrees

双赢局面 win-win situation

双增双节 two increases and two reductions

双职工 working couple; man and wife both at work

双向三车道 dual three-lane carriageway

双学士 double bachelor’s degree

双眼皮手术 double eyelid surgery

税法的统一性和权威性 uniformity and authority of tax laws

税后利润 after-tax profit

水货 smuggled goods

水墨画 Chinese brush drawing; ink and wash painting

税前/税后收入 pretax / after-tax income

水土流失 soil erosion

水下导弹 submarine-based missiles

水下通信 subsurface communication

谁言寸草心,报得三春晖 “Such kindness of warm sun, can’t be repaid by grass. ”

水涨船高 When the river rises, the boat floats high.

税收起征点 tax threshold

数码相机 digital camera

硕博联读 a continuous academic project that involves postgraduate and doctoral study

说曹操,曹操到 Talk of the devil and he comes.

说服教育 persuasion education

说明会 explanation session

说起来容易做起来难 Easier said than done.

四大金刚 Four Heavenly Guardians at the entrance to a Buddhism temple; Four Devarajas

死而后已 until my heart stops beating

司法解释 judicial interpretation

四个如何认识 (江泽民总书记在今年6月28日中央思想政治工作会议上发表的重要讲话中,提出并精辟阐述了如何认识社会主义发展的历史进程、如何认识资本主义发展的历史进程、如何认识我国社会主义改革实践过程对人们思想的影响、如何认识当今的国际环境和国际政治斗争带来的影响等当前直接影响干部群众思想活动的重大问题.) “In his important address to the Central Ideological and Political Work Conference on June 28 this year, Party General Secretary Jiang Zemin expounds on how to understand the historical process of socialist development; how to understand the historical process of capitalist development; how to understand the impact of China’s socialist reform over the people’s thinking; how to understand the impact of the current international environment and political struggle.”

四个现代化 four modernizations (the modernization of agriculture, industry, national defense, and science and technology)

四合院 courtyard dwellilngs; quadrangle dwellings

死机 system halted

四连冠 four straight (consecutive) championships, (four championships on the run)

私人轿车牌照 individual car plate

私人企业 private enterprise

私人游资 mobile private capital

四十不惑 Life begins at forty.

四书(《大学》、《中庸》、《论语》、《孟子》) The Four Books (The Great Learning, The Doctrine of the Mean, The Analects of Confucius, The Mencius)

私塾 private school

死亡率 mortality

死亡人数 death toll

思想包袱 mental load

思想道德教育 ideological and moral education

四项基本原则 “the Four Cardinal Principles of adherence to the socialist road, the people’s democratic dictatorship, the leadership of the Communist Party of China, and Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought”

思想僵硬 fossilized concept

思乡曲 Nostalgia

司仪 MC (master of ceremonies)

私营企业 privately-run enterprise

四有新人 “new generation of people with lofty ideals, moral integrity, good education and a strong sense of discipline”

死帐 uncollectible account, bad debt, bad loan

司法公正 judicial fairness

私房菜 private home cuisine

四库全书 Complete Library of the Four Branches; the Siku Quanshu

SOHO一族(小型办公室和家庭办公室) SO (Small Office) HO (HomeOffice)

送货上门 provide home delivery service

(企业集团的)松散层 loose level (of an enterprise group)

送温暖工程 heart-warming project

搜索引擎(计算机) search engine

所有权经营权分离 separate ownership from managerial authority

夙敌 “arch-rival

速递业务 express delivery services

素质教育 quality education; education for all-around development; competence-oriented education

酸雨 acid rain

速冻食品 frozen food

随行就市 prices fluctuating in response to market conditions

随礼 give presents as returns

岁岁平安 Peace all year round

随团旅游 group travel

损公肥私 benefit oneself at the expense of public interests

孙子兵法 The Art of War

所得税 income tax

诉讼辩护人 defender

诉讼参与人 participant in proceedings

诉讼代理人 agent ad litem

诉讼权力 litigation right

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