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新闻英语词汇――新词新译 J

新闻英语词汇――新词新译 J

基本国策 basic state policy; basic national policy

基本国情 fundamental realities of the country

基本建成覆盖城乡、功能完善的疾病预防控制和医疗救治体系 establish a fully functioning system for disease prevention and control and for emergency medical aid that covers both urban andrural areas

基本路线要管一百年 The basic line must be followed unswervingly for a very long time to come.

基本人权 fundamental human rights

基本养老金社会化发放 retirees receive their basic pension through social security channels

基本医疗保险制度 basic medical insurance system

基本月租费 basic monthly fee (charges)

基层工作 grass-roots work

基层监督 grass-roots supervision

基层民主 democracy at the grassroots level

基层文化建设 primary-level cultural undertakings

基层组织 organizations at the grass-roots level, primary-level organization

机场建设费 airport construction fee

既成事实 fait accompli (noun)

继承税 inheritance tax

基础产业 basic industry

基础教育 basic education

基础设施建设 infrastructure construction

基础设施 infrastructure

基础税率 base tariff level

记大过 record a serious demerit

鸡蛋碰石头 like an egg striking a rock; attack… stronger than oneself

基地组织 al-Qaeda group

机电产品 mechanical and electrical products

缉毒 investigate drug smuggling; capture drug smugglers

(日本银行主持的)季度短观调查报告 Tankan survey

缉毒队 narcotics squad

计费方法/ 按秒计费/ 按分计费 Calculating telephone fees/ per-second calculation/ per-minute calculation

急功近利 eager for instant success and quick profits

技工贸结合的科技型企业 scientific and technological enterprises that integrate scientific and technological development with industrial and trade development

机构重叠 organizational overlapping

机构改革 institutional reform; streamlining; institutional restructuring

机构投资者 institutional investor

机构臃肿 overstaffing in organizations (government)

激光唱片 compact disc; laser record; laser disc

激光打印机 laser printer

激光导航 laser navigation

激光通信 laser communication

计划单列市 city specifically designated in the state plan

计划经济 planned economy

计划内招生 planned enrollment

计划生育责任制 responsibility system of family planning

机会成本 opportunity cost

积极防御 active defense

计价器 taximeter

计件工资制  piece-rate system

季节工 seasonal worker

季节性调价 seasonal price adjustment

即开式奖券 scratch-open ticket; scratch pad

激励约束制度 a system of incentives and disincentives

激烈竞争 cut-throat competition

记名债券 registered bond

吉尼斯世界记录 Guinness World Records

纪念封 commemorative envelope

即期消费 immediate consumption

机器阅卷 machine scoring

急人民所急,忧人民所忧 making the desires and worries of the people one’s own

吉日良辰 auspicious day

积少成多 many a little makes a mickle

寄生效应 ghost effect

即食餐 ready meal

计时工资 hourly wage

计时工资制 time-rate wage system

纪实文学 documentary writing

纪实小说 documentary fiction

寄售 commission sale

技术产权交易所 technology equity market; technology property right exchange

技术成果商品化 commercialization of technological achievements

技术储备 technological reserve

技术创新 technological innovation

技术改造 technological transformation

技术攻关 strive to make technological breakthrough

技术工人 technician; skilled worker

技术集约企业 technology-intensive enterprise

技术交底 technical disclosure

技术密集产品 technology-intensive product

技术密集型 technology-intensive

技术下乡 spread technological knowledge to farmers

技术依托 technical backstopping

技术有偿转让 transfer of technology with compensation

集束炸弹 cluster bomb

技术职称 technical title

技术转让 technology transfer

集思广益 draw on collective wisdom and absorb all useful ideas

缉私力量 the forces engaged in the fight against smuggling

计算机化战争 computerized war

计算机集成制造系统 computer integrated manufacturing system (CIMS)

计算机辅助教学 computer-assisted instruction (CAI)

计算机辅助学习 computer-aided learning (CAL)

计算机中央处理器 central processing unit(CPU)

计算机网络信息中心 computer network information center

挤提 bank run

集体承包 be contracted to collectives; collective contract

集体观念 groupism; collective spirit

集体婚礼 collective wedding ceremony; group wedding

集体经济 collective economy

集体领导和个人分工负责相结合的制度 system combining collective leadership with individual responsibility

集体所有制 collective ownership

集团消费 institutional spending

既往不咎,忘掉旧嫌 let bygones be bygones

继往开来 continue with the past and open up the future

纪委 discipline inspection commission

鸡尾酒疗法 drug cocktail therapy (treatment)

即席讲话 speak impromptu; make an impromptu speech; off-the-cuff remarks

极限运动 extreme sports; X-sports

吉祥如意 Everything goes well

吉祥物 mascot

继续深化国有企业改革、使企业真正成为市场竞争的主体 to deepen SOE reform to enable them to become main players in the market competition;

积压产品 overstocked commodities (inventories)

积压滞销 overstocked commodity (inventory)

机译 machine translation (MT)

基因工程 genetic engineering

基因库 gene bank

基因水稻 trans-genetic hybrid rice

基因突变 genetic mutation

基因图谱 genome; Gene chip (DNA microarray)

即印相片 instant photo

基因组 genome

绩优股 blue chip

集约化 intensification

集约化经营 intensive management

集约经营 intensive operation

记帐式国债 book-entry T-bonds

记帐式国库券 inscribed treasury bond

记者席 press box

记者招待会 press conference

家政服务 household service

集中精力把经济建设搞上去 go all out for economic development

集装箱运输船  container freighter

集装运输 container shipping

集资 pool resources; collect money; raise funds; raise money

集资办学 raise money to set up new schools

集资房 houses built with funds collected by the buyers

甲A足球队 Division A soccer team

加班 overtime work

嘉宾 distinguished guest, honored guest

假唱 lip-synch

假钞票 fake note; phony money; stumer

假动作 deception; feint; deception

价格波动 price fluctuation

价格操纵 price manipulation; price rigging

价格反弹 price rebound

价格浮动范围 price-float range

价格弹性 price elasticity

价格听证会 public price hearings

价格脱离价值 divergence of prices from values; divorce price from value

加工贸易 trade involving the processing of supplied raw materials

甲骨文 oracle bone inscriptions

架空 make somebody a mere figurehead; deprive somebody of his authority while keeping him in office

加快产业结构升级 speed up efforts to upgrade its industrial structure

加快市场步伐 accelerate the marketization; quicken the pace of marketization

假冒伪劣产品 counterfeit and shoddy products

加盟 ally oneself to (a sports team)

加密 encrypt

加密频道 encoded channel

家谱 family tree; family stemma; family genealogy

加强军队和政权建设 strengthen army building and the organs of political power

加强流动人口计划生育管理 strengthen the management of family planning among the floating population

加强农业基础地位 strengthen the position of agriculture as the foundation of the economy

加强舆论监督 ensure that the correct orientation is maintained in public opinion

假球 soccer fraud

加权平均值 weighted average

假日经济 holiday economy

加塞 jump a queue; cut a line

假释 parole

加速上市 speed-to-market

加速上市 speed-to-market

家庭出身 family background

家庭经济困难的学生 needy student

家庭联产承包责任制 the household contract responsibility system

家庭影院 home theater

假小子 tomboy

家用电器 household electrical appliance; home appliance

家长制作风 patriarchal style

家政服务 household service

价值工程 value engineering

家族企业 family firm

加大污染治理力度 strengthen pollution control

假酒 adulterated wine

加快处置不良资产 step up efforts in handling bad assets

加快努力 speed up efforts

假冒伪劣商品 counterfeit and substandard goods

兼并 merge; annexation

见不得人的勾当 under-the-table deal

剪彩 cut the ribbon

建仓 open a position

检察官 public procurator

检察机关 procuratorial organ

检察长 chief procurator

坚持不懈地进行“扫黄打非”斗争 fight unremittingly against pornographic and illegal publications

坚持对话,不搞对抗 persist in dialogue, refrain from confrontation

坚持解放思想、实事求是的思想路线,弘扬与时俱进的精神 adhere to the ideological guideline of emancipating the mind, seeking truth from facts, and upholds the spirit of advancing with time.

坚持统一,反对分裂,增加了解,化解歧见 persist in reunification, oppose separation, increase understanding and iron out differences

剪刀差 price scissors; scissors movement of price

监督部门 watchdog

尖端产品 highly sophisticated products

尖端课题 frontline subject

减肥茶 diet tea

减负 alleviate burdens on somebody

监护权 custodial right

舰舰导弹 ship-to-ship missile

间接选举 indirect election

渐进式台独 gradual Taiwan independence

渐近尾声 draw to a close

检举箱 accusation letter box

健康及意外险 health and casualty insurance

建立公正、合理的国际政治经济新秩序 build a fair and rational new international political and economic order

建立健全国有资产管理和监督体制 establish and perfect the management and supervision system of State-owned assets

见面会 meet-and-greet

简明新闻 news in brief

减轻农民负担  reduce farmers’ burdens; lighten the burden on farmers

建设公债 public bonds for construction

建设社会主义的物质文明和精神文明 build a socialist civilization that is advanced culturally and ideologically, as well as materially; promote socialist material progress and socialist culture and ideology

建设社会主义法治国家 build a socialist country under the rule of law

建设稳产高产基本农田 make primary farmland capable of producing stable, high yields.

建设有中国特色的社会主义 build a socialist country under the rule of law build socialism with Chinese characteristics

监事会 board of inspectors

减速玻璃(汽车) decelerating glass

荐贤举能 recommend the virtuous and the able

减刑 have one’s sentence commuted

减员增效 downsize staffs and improve efficiency

减灾 disaster reduction; disaster mitigation; reduce damages caused by disaster

舰载飞机 carrier-borne aircraft; carrier aircraft

简政放权 streamline administration and delegate power; streamline administration and institute decentralization

建筑面积 floorage; floor space

监察合一 the integration of supervision and investigation

坚持国家绝对控股 keeping a controlling share in the state’s hands

坚持正确的政治方向 pursue a correct political direction

坚定信心,扎实工作,旗帜鲜明,毫无动摇 enhance confidence, do a solid job, take a clear-cut stand and never waver in carrying on the fight in depth

讲诚信,反欺诈: honor credibility and oppose cheating

僵化思想 ossified thinking

将军肚 general’s belly; beer belly

奖励工资制度 a bonus wages system; a system of higher pay for better performance

降落伞候选人,外来候选人(应召而来参加本人非所在地区竞选的政党候选人) parachute candidate

江南水乡 the south of the lower reaches of the Yangze River

讲排场,摆阔气 waste and extravagance

讲求实效  stress practical results; strive for practical results

降息 reduction of interest

降息 reduction of interest rate

讲义气 be loyal to friends; remain faithful to friends

建立促进经济社会可持续发展的机制 establish a mechanism to promote sustainable social and economic development

建立更加安全、更加尊重多样性和更加团结的世界 work for a safer, more diverse and united world

建立巩固的国防 build a strong national defense

健全国有资本经营预算制度 establishing a sound operating and budget system for state capital

健全国有资本经营业绩考核体系 establishing a sound performance evaluation system for state capital

健全国有资产重大损失责任追究制度 establishing a sound system for assigning responsibility for major losses of state assets for state capital

健全就业,收入分配和社会保障制度 improve employment, income distribution and social security system

建设高素质的领导干部队伍 build a contingent of high-calibre leading cardres

建设统一开放竞争有序的现代市场体系 establish a unified, open and orderly modern market system

建设完整的社会主义市场经济体系 establish a complete socialist market economic system

“简税制、宽税基、低税率、严征管”的原则 the principle of “a more simplified taxation system, broader tax collection basis, lower tax rates and stricter tax collection”

减员增效 reduce staff for greater efficiency

叫板 challenge; pick a quarrel

脚踩两只船 sit on the fence

交叉报复 cross retaliation

交割 delivery

教工 teachers and staff

交流学者 exchange scholar

矫情 use lame arguments

教书育人 impart knowledge and educate people

脚踏实地 be down-to-earth

交通补助  travel allowance

焦土政策 Scorched- Earth plan

教务处 dean’s office

侥幸球 fluke

教学法 pedagogy; teaching method

教研室 teaching and research division

交钥匙工程 turn-key project

浇一瓢冷水 throw cold water on;dampen the enthusiasm of

教育部社政司 Social Science Research and Ideological Work Department of the Ministry of Education

教育乱收费 unauthorized collection of fees by educational institutions

教育质量 quality of education

叫座 a box-office success; draw a large audience

交叉 感染 cross transmission; cross-infection

加强伙伴关系 strengthen partnerships

加强水土保持 reinforce the conservation of water and soil

加速科研成果向生产力的转化 facilitate a faster transition from research to actual production

家庭暴力 domestic violence

家庭装修用品 home improvement products

假文凭 fake diplomas

假帐 accounting fraud

基层民主政治 democracy at the local level

机读形式 machine-readable form

结党营私 form cliques for private gain

街道企业 neighborhood enterprise

借调 temporarily transfer

借读生 transient student

戒毒所 drug rehabilitation center

阶段性就业 periodic employment

阶段性政策 interim policy

解放生产力 emancipate the productive forces

解放思想、实事求是的思想路线 ideological line of emancipating the mind and seeking truth from facts

解放思想、实事求是、与时俱进 Emancipate the mind, Seek truth from the facts, Advance with the times

结构工资制 structual wage system

结构失调 structural imbalance

结汇 settle a foreign exchange account; settlement of exchange deals

劫机 hijack an airplsne

戒急用忍 overcome impetuosity and exercise patience; no haste, be patient

解决劳动力就业问题 tackle the problem of employment of the labor force

解决贸易争端 settle trade disputes

接口 interface

解困基金 anti-poverty funds

揭老底 reveal the inside story; open a buried secret

解铃还须系铃人 It is better for the doer to undo what he has done; Let him who tied the bell on the tiger take it off; Whoever started the trouble should end it.

截击导弹 interceptor; interception missile

截流 dam; the damming of

截留上缴利润 withhold profits that should be turned over to the state

节能 save energy; energy-saving

节食 on a diet

结售汇制度 “the system of exchange, settlement and sales ”

节水龙头 water-saving taps

节水农业 water-saving agriculture

街谈巷议 gossip; rumor

阶梯教室 lecture theatre; terrace classroom

街心花园 park at an intersection; garden in the city center

节育率 rate of contraception

节奏布鲁斯音乐(RMB音乐) rhythm blues

解除劳动关系 sever labor relation

节能型轿车 energy-efficient cars

街舞 hip-hop

技工学校 skilled workers training school

积极的财政政策 proactive fiscal policy

积木 building block

金本位 gold standard

金边债券 gilt-edged bond

金蝉脱壳 escape like a cicada by casting off its skin; stratagem for slinking off

进出口经营权 import-export operation right; power to engage in import and export trade

进出口商会 chamber of import and export trade

进出口总额 total volume of foreign trade

近地卫星 near-earth satellite

金刚经 Vajracchedika-sutra

进宫 be put in prison; be sent to jail; be taken into custody

紧箍咒 inhibiting magic phrase

近海地区 offshore area

近海渔业 offshore fishery

近海钻探 offshore drilling

金鸡奖 Golden Rooster Awards

晋级考试 promotion test-test given to promote candidates on their knowledge of the relevant subjects

紧急通知 emergency notice

紧急状态 emergency; state of emergency

金降落伞 golden parachute

进口差价税 import variable duties

进口附加税 import surcharge

进口环节税 import linkage tax

进口渗透 import penetration

进口税 import duty; import tariff

金领工人 gold-collar worker

紧密型企业集团 tightly-knit groups of enterprises

金瓶擎签 lot-drawing from a golden urn

紧俏 sell well (commodities) ;in short supply

紧俏产品 commodities in short supply

近日点 perihelion

金融重组 financial reorganization

金融电子化 computerize financial services

金融工具 financial instruments

金融寡头 financial oligarchy; financial magnate; financial tycoon

金融货币危机 financial and monetary crisis

金融违规行为 Financial irregularities /improprieties

金融危机 financial crisis

金融衍生物 financial derivative

金融中心 financial center

金融自由化 financial liberalization

金融租赁 financial lease

劲射 power shot

紧身的衣服 tight-fitting clothes

金税工程 the Golden Tax Project (a national taxation computer network)

近水楼台先得月 “First come, first served; A water-front pavilion gets the moonlight first–the advantage of being in a favored position.”

金丝猴 golden monkey

紧缩银根 tight money policy; monetary restraint

金无足赤,人无完人 Gold can’t be pure and man can’t be perfect.

进项税 input tax

进项税信贷 input tax credit

进修班 class for further studies

金玉满堂 Treasures fill the home

禁渔期 closed fishing seasons

禁渔期 closed fishing seasons; fishing moratorium; fishing ban

金元外交 dollar policy

紧张局势 tense situation;tension

禁止在任何地方、任何环境进行一切方式的释放核能的核武器试验保爆炸 prohibit any nuclear weapon test explosion which releases nuclear energy at any place and in any environment

紧追 cling to, shadow, thunder on one’s trail

经办人 operator

净产值 net output value; net value of production; net production value

经常项目顺差 favorable balance of current account, surplus of current account

经常性贷款 commercial lending

经常性支出 running expenses

净成本 pure cost; net cost; flat cost

经过长期不懈的努力 through protracted and unremitting efforts

靖国神社 Yasukuni Shrine

经济担保书 financial guarantee

经济的持续高速发展 sustained and rapid development of economy

经济的持续、快速、健康发展 sustained, rapid and sound development of the economy

经济的社会化、市场化、现代化 socialization, marketization and modernization of the economy

经济繁荣 economic boom

经济房 low-cost housing

经济封锁 economic blockade

经济复苏 economic resurgence

经济杠杆 economic lever

经济过热 overheated economy; overheated development of the economy

经济和技术合作 ECOTECH cooperation (Economic and technology cooperation)

经济核算 cost accounting

经济滑坡 economic downturn

经济技术开发区 economic and technological development zone

经济结构调整 economic restructuring

经济结构战略性调整 strategic restructuring of the economy

经济开发区 economic development zone

经济良性循环 a beneficial economic cycle

经济林 cash tree

经济全球化 economic globalization; economic integration

经济渗透 economic infiltration

经济师 economic engineer; economic manager; economist

经济实体 economic entity

经济失调指数 misery index

经济适用房 economically affordable housing

经济特区 special economic zone(SEZ)

竞技体育 competitive sports

经济调整 economic restructure

经济头脑 commercially minded people; people with business sense

经济危机 economic crisis

经济萧条 economic depression; economic slump; business depression

经济效益 economic returns;economic efficiency

经济一体化 economic integration

经济责任制 economic responsibility system

经济增长点 growth engine;economic growth point

经济总量 economic aggregate

精简会议 cut down the number of meetings to make them shorter

精简机构 streamline government organs

精简、统一、效能的原则 principle of simplified administration, unified action and higher efficiency

经济承包制 management contract system

警戒水位 warning level; danger level

京剧票友 Peking Opera fan

京剧人物脸谱 types of facial make-up in Beijing opera

敬老院 home for the aged; seniors’ home

精品 competitive products

景气产业 thriving business;thriving industries;thriving economy

精神食粮 nourishment for the mind; intellectual food

精神文明建设 promote cultural and ideological progress; develop socialist culture and ethics

精神文明 cultural and ideological progress

精神支柱 spiritual pillar

景泰蓝 cloisonné

境外就业 be employed abroad

境外消费(服务贸易) consumption abroad

竞选辩论 election debate

竞选委员会 election committee;election board

竞选运动 election campaign

敬业精神 professional dedication; professional ethics

经营费用 running expense

经营管理高度科学化的现代化大企业 modern big enterprise with highly scientific management system

经营管理不善 mismanagement; poor management; poor operation and management

经营权与所有权分离 separation of the right of management from the right of ownership

经营责任制 management system

精英治国论 theory of elite administration

竞争机制 competitive mechanism

竞争上岗 take up a job through competition

竞争优势 competitive edge; advantage in competition

精子库 sperm bank

经典线路 classic travel route

精简开支 cut down the outlay; retrench expenses;retrenchment in expenditure

经济法制化 manage economic affairs according to law; to put economic operation on a legal basis

经济立法 economic legislature

经济社会协调发展 coordinated development of the economy and society

经济型轿车 economy car

景气下降 business setback

精神抖擞 in good spirits

境外投资协调机制 the mechanisms for coordinating overseas investment

经营范围 scope of business

紧急避孕药 emergency contraception; morning-after pill

静脉注射吸毒 intravenous drug abuse( or addict)

金球制 golden goal

金融监管 financial regulation

金融监管责任制 the responsibility system for financial supervision

集体企业 collectively-owned enterprise

就地考察 on-the-spot inspection

就地取材 obtain materials from local sources; draw on local resources

纠风办 State Council Office for Rectifying

救济金 relief fund

九届全国人大四次会议 the Fourth Session of the Ninth National People’s Congress

九年义务教育 nine-year compulsory education

酒肉朋友 fair-weather friend

九五攻关 State Key Task 95

就业保险 employment insurance

就业服务 employment service

就业高峰年 peak year for college graduates entering the job market.

就业机会 job opening; job opportunity

就业前培训  pre-job training; pre-service training 

就业压力 employment pressure

救援人员 rescue workers

救灾扶贫 provide disaster relief and help the poor

纠正随意改变基本农田用途的现象 rectify unauthorized changes in the use of primary farmland

酒泉卫星发射中心 Jiuquan Satellite Launch Centre

救死扶伤 heal the wounded and rescue the dying

九五折 a five percent discount; a 95 percent charge

集约型经济模式 intensive mode of economic growth

举办城市 host city

举报监督电话 hotline for public report and supervision

举报信箱 complaint mailbox

举报中心 informant center

举杯 propose a toast

局部战争 local war

聚赌 group gambling; gamble in a group

鞠躬尽瘁,死而后已 bend one’s back to the task until one’s dying day; give one’s all till one’s heart stops beating

聚集效益 aggregation effect

居留权 right of abode;right of residence

居民委员会 residential committee; neighborhood committee; residents’s committee

举手表决 vote by show of hands

巨无霸 giant;extra large

具有中国特色 with Chinese characteristics

局域网 local area network (LAN)

拒载 refuse to take passengers

举债经营 operation with borrowed capital

捐资办学 denote money for school

决策机构 decision-making organ;policy-making body

决策性机构 policy-making body

决战时刻 zero hour

居家养老 home-based care for the aged

居民身份证 resident identification card

居民住房建设 residential construction

军备集结 arms build-up

军备竞赛 arms race

竣工仪式 completion ceremony

军国主义 militarism

均衡规律 law of proportionality

军火走私 gun-running; arms smuggling

军民共建精神文明活动 joint army-civilian efforts to promote socialist ethics and culture in their respective units

军嫂 soldier’s wife

军事对峙 military confrontation

军事分界线 military demarcation line

军事过硬 militarily competent

军事援助 military aid

军属 soldier’s dependant; armyman’s family

军训 military training(intended for high school annd college students)

军用飞机 warplane, military aircraft

君子之交淡如水 the friendship between gentlemen is as pure as crystal; a hedge between keeps friendship green

军事法院 military court

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