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社会政治与经济类英语热点词汇翻译

Deepening reform and opening up 深化改革扩大开放

The theory of building socialism with Chinese characteristics建设有中国特色的社会主义理论

The theory on the initial stage of socialism 社会主义初级阶段的理论

One focus, two basic points 一个中心,两个基本点

Focus on economic construction 以经济建设为中心

Adhere to the four cardinal principles 坚持四项基本原则

Adhere to reforms and opening to the outside world 坚持改革开放

Seizing the opportunity, deepening the reform, opening 抓住机遇,深化改革,

wider to the rest of the world, promoting development, maintaining stability扩大开放,促进发展,保持稳定

Whether it would be beneficial to developing socialist productive forces是否有利于发展社会主义生产力

Whether it would be beneficial to enhancing the overall strength of the country是否有利于增强综合国力

Whether it would be beneficial to raising people’s living standard是否有利于提高人民生活水平

Taking the socialist public ownership as the mainstay 以社会主义公有制为主体

Common development of multi-economic sectors 多种经济成分共同发展

Establishment of socialist market economy 社会主义市场经济的建立Deepening economic reform 深化经济改革

Relationships among reform, development and stability 改革发展和稳定的关系

Deepening of reform and promotion of development 深化改革与促进发展

Economic growth and social progress 经济增长与社会进步

Strengthen the position of agriculture 加强农业的基础地位

Science and technology are the primary productive forces 科学技术是第一生产力

Strengthen the socialist legal system 加强社会主义法制

A series of policies and measures 一系列政策措施

Reform and opening up policy 改革开放政策

Reform measures 改革措施

Speed up reform 加快改革

Reform of economic system 经济体制改革

Reform of state-owned enterprises 国有企业改革

Strengthen the management of state-owned property 加强国有资产管理

Reform of management of state-owned property 国有资产管理体制改革

Reform of property rights system 产权制度改革

Reform of commodity circulation 商品流通体制改革

Reform of foreign trade system 外贸体制改革

Reform of personnel system 人事制度改革

Reform of social security system 社会保险制度改革

Reform of housing system 住房制度改革

Planning system 计划管理体制

Transferring the function of government 转换政府职能

Open door policy 开放政策

Open economy 开放经济

Open-door to the outside world 对外开放

Opening up 扩大开放

Open domestic market 开放国内市场

Introduce foreign capital, advanced technology and 引进外国的资金,先进技术和

managerial experiences 管理经验

Economic and technical development zone 经济技术开发区

Special economic zones in coastal areas 沿海经济特区

One country, two systems 一国两制

Special administrative region 特别行政区

Contract responsibility system with remuneration linked 家庭联产承包责任制

to the household

Narrowing the gap between the rich and poor 缩小贫富差距

Eliminate poverty 消除贫困

Common prosperity 共同富裕

ECONOMY AND MARKET ECONOMY 经济和市场经济

Socialist market economy 社会主义市场经济

Socialist sector of economy 社会主义经济成分

State-owned economy 国有经济

Non-state economy 非国有经济

Collective economy 集体经济

Individual economy 个体经济

Coexistence of various economic composition 多种经济成分共存

Sustained, rapid and sound economic development 持续,快速和健康的经济发展

National economic budget 国民经济预算

Comprehensive development of economy 经济综合发展

Strategy for economic development 经济发展战略

Theory of macroeconomic policy 宏观经济政策理论

Macroeconomic decision 宏观经济决策

Microeconomic phenomenon 微观经济现象

Traditional planned economy 传统的计划经济

Stimulate economic development 刺激经济发展

Commodity economy 商品经济

Market economy 市场经济

Free market economy 自由市场经济

Developed market economy 发达的市场经济

Developing market economy 发展中的市场经济

Emerging market economy 新兴市场经济

Mature market economy 成熟市场经济

Market economy country 市场经济国家

Extensive economy 粗放型经济

Intensive economy 集约型经济

Transform the extensive economic 粗放型经济转变为

mode into intensive one 集约型经济

Mixed economy 混合经济

Regional economy 地区经济

Internal-oriented economy 内向型经济

Closed economy 闭关自守经济

Economic growth point 经济增长点

Economic growth mode 经济增长方式

Economic growth rate 经济增长率

Economy measure 经济手段

Diversified economy 多种经济,多样化经济

Economic situation 经济形势

Economic cycle 经济周期

Economic fluctuation 经济波动

Economic miracle 经济奇迹

Economic take-off 经济起飞

Economic recovery 经济复苏

Economic potential 经济潜力

Economic sanction 经济制裁

Global economy 全球经济

real growth rate 实际增长率

real property 不动产,房地产

real value of money 货币实际购买力

Real estate 不动产,房地产

real estate account 房地产帐户,不动产帐户

real estate and property 不动产和其它财产

real estate investment 不动产投资

real estate mortgage bond 不动产抵押债券

real estate pool 不动产投资共同基金

real estate tax 房地产税,不动产税

Realizable 可变现的

realizable value 可变现价值

Realization 变现

realization and liquidation 变产清盘

Reallocation 再分配

Reappraisal 重新评估

reappraisal surplus 重估价盈余

Reasonable 合理的

reasonable price 合理价格

Rebate 回扣,退税

Recapitalization (企业重组)调整资本结构

Receipt 收据

Receivable 应收的

receivable account 应收帐款

receivables turnover 应收帐款周转率

Recession 经济衰退

Reciprocal 互惠的,相互的

reciprocal agreement 互惠协定

reciprocal contract 互惠合同

reciprocal duties 互惠关税

reciprocal holdings 互相控股

reciprocal trade 互惠贸易

Recomputation 重新计算

Record 记录

Recourse 追索权

Recover 索回,弥补

Recoverable 可收回的

recoverable cost 可收回成本

recoverable debt 可收回债务

recoverable loss 可收回损失

Recovery 收回,恢复

Recruitment 招聘

Red balance 赤字结余

Redemption 偿还,赎回

Rediscount 再贴现

rediscount rate 再贴现率

Redistribution 再分配

Reduce 减少

Reduction 减少

reduction of interest 降低利率

Reference 参考,推荐信,介绍书

reference number 参考数字

reference price 参考价格

Reform 改革

reform measures 改革措施

reform of state-owned enterprises 国有企业改革

reform of the economic system 经济体制改革

reform of the property rights system 产权制度改革

speed up reform 加快改革

Refund 退货,退款

Region 地区

central and western regions 中西部地区

Regional 地区的,局部的

regional economy 地区经济

regional government 地方政府

Register 登记,注册

Registered 注册的,登记的

registered bond 记名债券

registered capital 注册资本

registered share 记名股票

Registration 登记,注册

registration form 登记表

registration of establishment 开办登记

registration of property right 产权登记

registration statement 股票注册上市申请书

Regression analysis 回归分析

Regessive tax 递减税

Regular 定期的,有规则的

regular expenses 经常费用

regular-way delivery 例行交割

Regulated 控制的,规定的

regulated company 受控制公司

regulated industry 受(政府)管辖行业

Regulation 条例,规章

Regulatory framework 规章制度

Reinsurance 再保险

reinvestment 再投资

Relation 关系

relation of production 生产关系

Relationship 关系

relationships among reform,development

and stability 改革,发展和稳定的关系

Relative 相对的,相关的

relative balance 相对平衡

Reliability 可靠性

reliabilty of data 数据的可靠性

Relief 救济

relief fund 救济金

Renewal 更新,续约

renewal and reconstruction funds 更新改造基金

(文章来源:网络收集)

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