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新闻英语词汇――新词新译 G

新闻英语词汇――新词新译 G

改革开放 reform and opening-up; reform and opening to the outside world

改革开放的总设计师  chief architect of the reform and opening up policy

改革开放和社会主义现代化建设 reform and opening and in the modernization drive

改革试点 pilot reform; reform experimentation; pilot restructuring enterprise

盖洛普民意调查 Gallup Poll

盖帽了 great; excellent; wonderful

概念车 concept car

概念商品 concept goods

改善农民进城就业环境 improve the employment environment for rural workers in cities

改善农牧民生产生活条件 improve the living and production conditions of farmers and herdsmen

改善缺医少药的状况 alleviate the shortage of medical services and medicines

改制上市 (of an enterprise)get listed on the stock market after being re-organized according the modern corporate system

改革开放和现代化建设的全过程 the entire process of reform, opening-up and modernization

干部队伍革命化、年轻化、知识化、专业化 make the ranks of cadres more revolutionary, younger in average age, better educated and professionally more competent

干部下放 arrange for cadres to go to work at grassroots units or participate in physical labor

感到不妙 I smell a rat.

尴尬,困境,糟糕 pretty pass

甘居下游 be resigned to backwardness

感情投资 investment in human relationships

赶时髦 follow the fashion; want to be in the swim of things

干细胞 stem cell

感谢款待的信 a bread and butter letter (a letter sent as thanks for being treated well as someone’s guest)

赶超先进 surpass the advanced

港澳台 Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan

港人治港 Hong Kong people administering Hong Kong

岗位津贴 post allowance

岗位培训 on-the-job training 

岗位责任制  work post responsibility

港务局 port office; harbor authority

高保真音乐 hi-fi music

高材生 top student

高层次、全方位的对话 high-level and all-directional dialogue

高产优质 high yield and high quality

告吹 fizzle out; fall through; fail

高等教育“211工程” the “211” Project for higher education

高等教育自学考试 self-study higher education examination

高度自治 high degree of autonomy

高端产品 high-end product

高发期 high-incidence season

高分低能 high scores and low abilities

高峰 peak time

高峰论坛 summit forum

高干 high-ranking official; senior cadre

高杠杆交易机构 highly-leveraged institutions(HLI)

高官会 Senior Officials Meeting (SOM)

搞花架子 do something superficial

搞活国营大中型企业 invigorate large and medium-sized state-owned enterprises

告急 be in an emergency; report an emergency; ask for emergency help

高级检察官 senior public procurator

高级经理人员 high-level managerial personnel; senior personnel

高级商务师 certified business executive; senior business engineer; high-level economist; senior commercialist

高级设备 sophisticated equipment

高技术产业化 apply high technology to production

高架公路 elevated highway; overhead road

高架轻轨 elevated railway

高精尖技术 high-grade, high-precision, advanced technology

高举邓小平理论伟大旗帜,全面贯彻“三个代表”重要思想 hold high the banner of Deng Xiaoping Theory and carry out the important thoughts of “Three Represents”

高考 college (or university) entrance examination

高科技板块 high-tech sector

高难度动作 stunner, stunt

高清晰度 high definition

高清晰度电视 high definition TV

高手 master hand, expert

(精通电脑和网络的)高手 geek

高危人群 high-risk group

高消费 high consumption

高效节能 energy-efficient

高校扩招后首批毕业生 college graduates who were the first to be enrolled under the college expansion of 1999

高校扩招计划 college expansion plan

告小状 secretly report on somebody; rat on somebody

高新技术产业开发区 high-tech industrial development zone

高新技术产业化 industrial application of new and high technologies

高压手段 high-pressure tactics

高原反应,高山反应 altitude stress; altitude sickness

高知 high-level intellectual

高指标 high target

高致病性禽流感 highly pathogenic bird flu

个案 individual case (involving special circumstances)

各大菜系 major styles of cooking

个股 individual share

各行各业 every walk of life

隔行扫描 interlacing scan

各尽所能 let each person do his best; from each according to his ability

各就各位 On your marks!

隔离病房 isolation ward

(公路)隔离带 median strip

格列佛游记 Gulliver’s Travels

革命老区 old revolutionary base areas

革命气派 revolutionary mettle

革命伤残军人 disabled revolutionary servicemen

鸽派 dove faction

个人成就感 sense of personal achievement

个人储蓄帐户 personal savings account

个人购房贷款 individual housing loan

个人结算帐户 personal clearing account

个人理财计划 personal financing plan

各人民团体 mass organizations

个人收入应税申报制度 the system of the declaration of individual incomes for tax payment

个人收入调节税 individual (personal) income regulation tax

个人数字助理 PDA (personal digital assistant)

个人所得税 personal income tax

个人信用制度 individual credit rating system

个人演唱会 solo concert

个人银行卡帐户 personal bank card account

个人质押贷款 personal pledged loan

各人自扫门前雪, 莫管他人瓦上霜 hoe one’s own potatoes

个体户,个体经营 privately or individually-owned business

个体经济 private economy

根本政治制度 fundamental political system

跟屁虫 1.one’s shadow; to tag along; 2. flatterer, boot licker, ass-kisser, brown-noser

跟着感觉走 go with the flow; follow one’s heart; do what one thinks is right

跟踪审计 follow-up auditing

根除腐败 root out corruption; eliminate corruption

更加注重搞好宏观调控,更加注重统筹兼顾,更加注重以人为本 pay more attention to exercising macro-control, balancing the interests of all parties, putting people first.

更快、更高、更强(奥运精神) Citius, Altius, Fortius ( Faster, Higher, Stronger–Olympic Spirit )

《更紧密经贸关系的安排》 CEPA; Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement

个人护理用品 personal care supplies

个人隐私 individual privacy

各种所有制金融企业 financial enterprises of different ownership

工笔 traditional Chinese realistic painting

共产党领导下的多党合作与政治协商 multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of Communist Party

工程公司 engineering company

工程验收 acceptance check of work

公房商品化 commercialization of public housing

公费旅游 junket; facility trip

公费医疗 free medical service; free medicare; public health service

功夫不负有心人 Everything comes to him who waits.

工夫茶 congou–a kind of Chinese black tea prepared with care

功夫片 kungfu film

公告板服务 Bulletin Board Service (BBS)

公共卫生设施 public health infrastructure

公关 public relations

攻关 tackle a critical point

攻关计划 the Program for Tackling Key Problems

公积金 public accumulation fund; public reserve funds

公检法机关 public security organs, procuratorial organs and people’s courts

公开喊价市场 open outcry market

公款吃喝 recreational activities using public funds

工龄工资 seniority pay

公民投票 referendum; plebiscite

公平定价 arm’s-length pricing

公平合理 fairness and justifiableness

工商局 industrial and commercial bureau

工商联营 combined management of industry and commerce

工时 man-hour

公司分立与解散 separation and dissolution of a company

公私合营 public-private joint management

公司债券 corporate bond

共同安全 common security

共同富裕 common prosperity

共同利益 common interests

公务员 civil servant

恭喜发财 May you be prosperous!; Wish you prosperity.

工薪阶层 salaried person/group

公休 work recess

供养资金 funding

工业股票 industrial stock

工业化和城镇化水平 levels of industrialization and urbanization

工业控制一体化 integrated industrial control; industrial control of integration

工业停滞 industrial stagnation

工业园区 industrial park

公益广告 public-interest ad

公益活动 public benefit activities

公益林 public welfare forest

公益性文化事业 non-profit cultural undertakings

公益性文化事业 non-profit cultural undertakings

公证 notary service

公证财产 notarize the properties

公正、公平、公开 just, fair and open

公众投资 public investments

工资税 payroll tax

工资削减 pay-cut

工作狂 workaholic

工作室 studio

工作午餐 working lunch

公平竞争 fair competition

公共汽车候车亭 bus shelter

公共文化基础设施 culture-related facilities for public use

公开或变相涨价 to raise prices openly or in convert forms

公司犯罪 corporate abuse / crime / cheat / fraud / wrongdoing / misconduct

共同关心的问题 issue of common concern

共同基金 mutual funds

公有制 public ownership

公有制为主体、多种所有制经济共同发展的基本经济制度 the basic economic system of keeping public ownership as the mainstay of the economy and allowing diverse forms of ownership to develop side by side

工资正常增长机制 a mechanism for regular pay increases

购买力 purchasing power

购买欲 desire to buy; desire to purchase

狗腿子 henchman; lackey; hired thug

购物车 shopping trolley

购物券 coupon

构想 conceptualization

狗仔队 “dog packs; paparazzo (singular), paparazzi(plural) (It refers to those journalists who are hunting the news of celebrities.)”

股本 share capital

股本回报率 return on equity

股本金 equity capital

固定电话运营商 fixed-line telecom carrier

固定电话初装费 installation fees for fixed-line telephones

固定资产投资 investment in the fixed assets; fixed asset investment

股东会 board of shareholders

股份公司 joint-stock company

股份合作制 shareholding cooperative system

有限责任公司 limited liability company

股份有限公司 limited liability company

股份制 shareholding system; joint-stock system

骨干企业 key enterprise

鼓励奖 consolation prize

股民 investor

股票期权 the stock option

股票转让制度 the stock-transfer system

股市行情 the ups and downs of the stock market

股指 stock index

刮鼻子 criticize; reprimand

挂靠 be attached or affiliated to; be subordinate to

挂靠户 an adjunct organization

挂牌开业 hang out one’s shingle; put one’s name plate in (a certain street)

挂职 1) take a temporary post (in order to temper oneself); 2) serve in a lower level unit for a period while retaining one’s position in the previous unit

挂职下放 transfer to lower units with one’s post retained

关闭效应 blackout effect

观潮派 those who take a wait-and-see attitude; fence-straddler

观光电梯 sightseeing (tourist) lift

关联交易 connected transaction

关贸总协定(世界贸易组织的前身) GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade)

关门态度 closed-door attitude

官商 state-operated commerce

关税壁垒 customs barrier; tariff wall

关税配额 tariff quota

关停并转 close down, suspend operation, merge with others or shift to different line of production; rationalize

观望态度 wait-and-see attitude

关系网 connection network; relationship network

关于进一步加强农村教育工作的决定 Decision on Further Strengthening Rural Education

冠状病毒 corona virus

广播电视大学 radio and television university

光碟,光盘 compact disk; CD

广而告之 publicize widely

广告词 jingle

广告代理行 advertising agent

广告电话直销 direct response advertising

广告画 poster

广告妙语 attention-getter

广告人 advertising man; adman

广告宣传车 loudspeaker van; sound truck

光谷 optical valley

光机电一体化 “optical, mechanical and electronic integration”

广交会 The China Export Commodities Fair

广开财路 make full use of all talents

广开就业门路 create more employment opportunities

光缆 optic cable

光盘杂志 CD-ROM magazine

光通信 photo-communication; optical communication

广域网 wide area network (WAN)

广种薄收 extensive cultivation; wide sowing but meager harvest―a method of cultivation: the cultivated area is large but the per area yield is relatively low

管理办法 measures for administration

管理规定 provisions on administration

管理条例 regulations on administration

官煤勾结 government officials in cahoots with coalmine operators; government officials act in collusion with coalmine operators

股权分置改革 state share sale reform; equity division reform; split-share reform

关税下调 tariff reduction

关系户 closely-related units

《关于预防煤矿生产安全事故的特别规定》 Special Regulations for Preventing Coalmine Accidents

固定汇率 fixed exchange rate

股份制改造 shareholding reform

规避 circumvention

轨道站 orbit station

规范分配秩序 Rationalize the relations of income distribution

规范民办教育 standardize non-government funded schools

归国留学生 returned students

归口管理 put under centralized management by specialized departments; centralized management by specified departments

规模经济 scale economy, economies of scale

规模经营 scale management

规模效益 scale merit

归侨 returned overseas Chinese

皈依三宝 become a Buddhist

轨道舱 orbital module

鼓励、支持和引导非公有制经济 encourage, support and guide the growth of the non-public sector of the economy

滚雪球 snowball — (of a plan, problem, etc.) to grow bigger on an increasing rate

国奥队 the National Olympic Team

国产化率 import substitution rate; localization rate of parts and components

过度放牧 overgraze

过度开垦 excess land reclamation

过度投资行业 over-invested industries

国防动员体制 the mobilization for national defense

国防动员体制 the mobilization system for national defense

国防科工委 State Commission of Science and Technology for National Defense Industry

国货 domestics

过火 go too far

国际奥委会 the International Olympic Committee (IOC)

国际标准化组织 ISO (International Organization for Standardization)

国际承诺 international commitments

国际公认的警戒线 internationally accepted alarm level

国际惯例 international common practice

国际海域 international waters

国际化战略 internationalization strategy

国际货币基金组织 IMF (International Monetary Fund)

国际禁止化学武器组织 organization for the prohibition of chemical weapons (OPCW)

国际恐怖主义 international terrorism

国际劳工组织 ILO (International Labor Organization)

国际联盟 international coalition

国际贸易伙伴 international trading partner

国计民生 the national economy and the people’s livelihood

《国际民用航空公约》(1944) The International Civil Aviation Covenant

国际清算 international settlement

国际日期变更线 International Date Line (IDL)

国际商业机器公司 International Business Machine Corporation (IBM)

国际社会 the international community

国际收支不平衡 disequilibrium of balance of payment

国际玩笑 play a large-scale joke

《国际先驱论坛报》 International Herald Tribune

国际自然保护联盟 International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

国际足球联盟 Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA)

国家财政贴息贷款 discount government loan

国家创新体系 state innovation system

国家环保总局 State Environmental Protection Administration

国家级特殊津贴 special state allowance

国家级卫生城市 state-level hygiene city

国家经济体制改革委员会 the State Commission for Restructuring the Economic Systems

国家控股公司 state-controlling company

国家普通话水平考试 National Proficiency Test of Putonghua

国家体育总局 State Physical Culture Administration

国家外汇储备 state foreign exchange reserves

国家一级保护 first-grade State protection

国家质量技术监督局 the State Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision

国家中长期科学和技术发展规划 a national medium- to long-range program for scientific and technological development

国家重点科技攻关项目 national key scientific and technological project

国脚 player of the national football team; footballer of the national team

过境签证 transit visa

国库券 treasury bonds

过劳死 karoshi; death from overwork

国民党 Kuomintang

国民经济的综合平衡 overall balance in national economy

国民经济支柱产业 pillar industry in national economy

国民生产总值 gross national product (GNP)

国内生产总值 gross domestic product (GDP)

国内游 inbound tourism

过山车 roller coaster

国事访问 state visit

过失赔偿责任;无过失赔偿责任 liability with fault;liability without fault

过失责任 liability of fault

国书 state credentials

国泰民安 The country flourishes and people live in peace

国土资源部 Ministry of Land and Resources

国土资源管理 land and resources administration

国外旅游 overseas travel

国务卿 Secretary Of State (in America)

过硬 have a perfect mastery of

过犹不及 going too far is as bad as not going far enough; beyond is as wrong as falling short; too much is as bad as too little

国有独资商业银行 wholly state-funded commercial bank

国有股 state-owned shares

国有股减持 state stock reduction; reduce state’s stake in listed companies

国有及国有控股工业企业 state-owned industrial enterprises and enterprises whose controlling stake was owned by the state

国有企业股份制改革继续推进 fresh progress was made in transforming state-owned enterprises into stock companies

国有企业下岗职工基本生活保障向失业保险并轨 integrate the subsistence allowances for laid-off workers into the unemployment insurance system

国有商业银行股份制改造试点方案 pilot plan to transform state-owned commercial banks into stock entities

国有资产管理体制 State property management system

国有资产监督管理委员会 the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission

国有资产流失 loss of state-owned assets

国债贴息贷款 T-bond discount loans

国债投资 treasury bond investment

国债专项资金 special fund for treasury bond

国债资金重点项目责任制 the responsibility system for key projects funded by treasury bonds

果子狸 civet cat

过渡期 transitional period

国家发展计划委员会 the State Development Planning Commission

国家计划和财政政策、货币政策等相互配合的宏观调控体系 the macro-economic regulation system by integrating State planning with fiscal and monetary policies

国家审判权 the judicial authority of the State

《国家突发公共事件总体应急预案》 Master State Plan for Rapid Response to Public Emergencies

国际部队 international forces

国际多边金融机构 international multilateral financial institution

国际关系民主化 practice democracy in international relations

国际社会 international community

国民素质 the populace’s cultivation

国情 national conditions

国务委员 state councilor

国务院令 Decree of the State Council

国务院通知 Circular of the State Council

国有商业银行 State-owned commercial bank

国债余额管理方式 the method of outstanding balance management for its national debt

股权分置 to float the non-tradable shares; equity division

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