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当前位置:首页 » 经验分享, 文学文化 » 英语原文–耶鲁校长2017毕业典礼演讲:越社交越孤独,怎么治?

2017 grade graduates, family members and friends, today is very happy to be with you, this is full of joy and hope of the day, and I also with a sense of pride today.

This is a beautiful Yale tradition, now please allow me:

Please all the family members who got up here to witness the 2017 outstanding Yale students graduation ceremony.

Now, please 2017 graduates to support you to today’s milestone in the people, please rise to pay tribute.

thank you all!

Yale President-MTS

Before graduation season, I did a very important thing to fly to California and celebrate the Passover with my family (Passover.) Many of you know that it was a memorial to the Jews in Egypt for slaves and celebrated them from And by the recitation of the food called Haggadah, the Passover will reflect on this history as if they had gone through the same.

The Passover slavery and the theme of freedom can also resonate today, just as thousands of years ago. Many contemporary Haggadot (Haggadot, Haggadah’s plural quotes modern struggles, such as African Americans for liberation And civil rights, as well as today’s efforts to end trafficking.

My family has been using the traditional version of Haggadah from Madwell House Coffee since 1932. Obviously, this is also used by former President Barack Obama at the White House’s annual banquet. Part of the day, we will be reminded, because thousands of years ago we were in the Egyptian land on the stranger, so we must welcome the stranger to our own feast.We recited, ‘let all hungry The people come in and have food to eat … so that all the people who have come to meet with us to celebrate the Passover.

This can be traced back a long time ago, written in Aramaic, which is the daily spoken language of most of the Middle East from 2000 to 3000. So they can easily be understood by those who accept the charity. , The owner of the house may open the door, read these words to invite all the people to attend the celebration.

Remember what it feels like a stranger is not only important in the Passover.We told us in Jewish scriptures that we show goodwill to strangers, and Moses warned that we would never hurt a stranger, In the Exodus, we are told: ‘Do not blame or oppress a stranger because you are a stranger in the land of Egypt.’ In the other places of the Exodus , Which is a strange place to be written as ‘alone in a foreign land of the stranger’ – which became Robert Heinlein (Robert Heinlein popular science fiction title inspiration in the << Leviticus >> (Leviticus, In a volume in the Old Testament, we read: ‘When a stranger and you live in your place, you should not be targeted everywhere, on the contrary, for the stranger who is with you, You will love him as much as he is, because you used to be a heterogeneous Egyptian land.
‘I am a foreigner, and you must welcome me.’ Peter Rosazza, Archbishop of the Archbishop of Hartford, in the passage of this passage, did not only have this kind of care in Judaism. In the explanation to the Hebrew letter, we were told: ‘Do not ignore the hospitality of strangers, because some people do not know it Angels do. ‘Imagine if all the strangers – all the foreigners are regarded as the messengers of God, how wonderful the world will be!

The Koran also guides the Muslims: ‘for your parents, close relatives or orphans, those in need, your neighbors and neighbors from the field, whether friends around you or passers-by from afar …’

There is an ancient Hindu scripture that ‘the guest is God.’ The hospitality to the guests and strangers – known as ‘Manuya Ya Yana’ – is based on the Vedic practice (Vedic practice daily ‘five sacrifices ‘one.

Back to the Hebrew Bible, we find this reminder of the aphorism, the wording is different from other people: ‘You do not oppress a stranger, because you know the feeling of a stranger, because you are also a stranger in the Egyptian region. The words are translated pretty, like ‘because you know the heart of a stranger who travels from afar.’

Psychologists call this sympathy, which is known as compassion, and associate it with morality and ethics, and if we can find the true meaning of compassion, we are more likely to be kind to others. Here we are told how to act – how do not let strangers be confused – because we can understand their feelings, their hearts.

But it is a very easy thing to show sympathy? Not always. This is why there is no one group, no religious beliefs are in line with their own external treatment ideal one of the reasons. Exclusion and oppression has always been the prevalence of many human society When we feel lost, threatened or frightened, it is difficult for us to think about transposition. In fact, stress and uncertainty may lead us to blame others – looking for a scapegoat instead of sympathizing with them.

Today, not only immigrants and refugees are ‘alone in a foreign land for the stranger’, in the United States and around the world, we have become unfamiliar with each other.We find it difficult to understand each other’s point of view, it is difficult to deal with differences.We can not imagine our country Of people think, how to do.Although constantly communicate, we also found and the other increasingly drift away, it is difficult to reconcile.

Over the past three decades, according to a recent article by Forbes, it has been reported that the number of Americans who have not had a friend has tripled. How is this possible? It’s a time for people to knock on a keyboard in social media And hundreds of people chatting friends of the times ah! However, more and more people’s lives are around the Internet, the more social the more lonely.To know, send text messages, send e-mail, hair push special down the phone and a living person to deal with more simple!

In the twentieth century, the French sociologist Emile Durheim (Emile Durkheim talked about this ‘anomie’ phenomenon – a kind of And the social derailment of the loneliness, he believes that his great changes in life – the rise of industry, large-scale production and urban growth – is the link between the culprits less.

A century later, but before people began to worry about the network, social media has begun to shape our way of communication, political scientist Robert Putnam (Robert Putnam with ‘bowling’ image describes the collapse of contemporary social network of traditional society Putnam found that we no longer joined our community activities, and we no longer define ourselves through clubs and civic organizations that represent our hobbies and interests.

What happens if we are weakened in social relations? How can we feel safe when we are no longer in the social network or community? One possible result is that we take the stone and hit our feet.We may spend a lot of time staring at The mirror is only concerned with the information that is consistent with our previous beliefs, and we will only focus on what we do about ourselves and we become isolated and helpless .
‘We all know the taste of loneliness, and we already know that the only solution is love, and that love comes from the sense of belonging of social groups,’ wrote Dorothy, a social activist of the twentieth century.

There is no community, no compassion, I can not see myself from the eyes of others.On the contrary, those strangers are ignored, and even demonized. And Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Judaism and many other traditions are contrary to us No longer welcome strangers to our table.On the contrary, we build the walls and keep them away from us.

Perhaps in a beautiful sunny afternoon in the past four years, you walk to the Grove Street Cemetery and discover the tombstone of the 17th president of Yale, Kim Brewster, who led the university in a period of historical turmoil , He advocated coeducational and tried to maintain peace during the Panthers experiment in New Haven City (United States of America Connecticut port city).

Brewster’s epitaph wrote: ‘The presumption of innocence is not only a legal concept of law and common sense, it needs a generous spirit of strangers, expecting what is the best, not the worst.’ Brewster is familiar with the conflict And the strife, he knows how deep the differences between people can be, and he knows how misunderstandings and fears can be separated from people, but he expects to be the best among the others, which is his common sense.

Kyrgyzstan and the social commentator Ta-Nehisi Coates have called for ‘deep sympathy from the heart.’ This deep compassion should inspire us and inspire us, and this is a powerful tool. We take action to serve others and our social groups.

In 2017, you have been on campus for four years, trying to become popular and accepted people, you and a variety of background and industry people to establish a lasting friendship, when you meet each other when they are unfamiliar, but you hand in hand Created the Yale family, you sang:

Four seasons change, Yun Shu Yun roll
Snow-capped, spring-filled
Time passes, marshes
Yale friendship, daughter does not change
I urge you to bring these experiences into the world – the world needs your contribution, your curiosity, and your compassion .

I hope you will experience the pain of the world, empathy and the world as their responsibility. Hospitality, and people are good, to see people, you do is the angel thing.

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