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Colder weather is setting in and with the change of seasons you might also notice more people coughing, sneezing and calling in sick. It’s a harsh reality that these chilly months are strongly associated with the cold and flu.

天气慢慢地越变越冷了,随着季节的更迭你也许会发现越来越多的人在咳嗽、打喷嚏、生病啥的。寒冬腊月离不开感冒、流感的,这是亘古不变的事实。

If your current plan to stay healthy this winter begins and ends at drinking extra orange juice, you might want to rethink that strategy. From getting outside to eating right, there a lot of surprising things you can do to minimize your chances of coming down with the cold or flu. Doctors and health experts shared their lesser-known tips for staying healthy this winter.

今年冬天,如果你目前的保持健康计划从头到尾都是多喝果汁的话,那你可能就要重新考虑一下你的策略了。从去户外到合理饮食,你可以做很多新奇的事情减小因感冒或流感使你病倒的几率。今年冬天,医生和健康专家们分享了他们鲜为人知的健康小贴士。

Drink Tea

喝茶

“Even if you are not a regular tea drinker, try sipping on a cup or two daily during cold and flu season,” said Jenna Gagnon, the communications specialist for Aidance Skincare. “Steam from tea stimulates cilia, which are those little hairs inside your nose. Think about cilia as the air filter of nose; keep the cilia healthy and abundant to keep germs from making you sick.”

协助护肤品(Aidance Skincare)沟通专家珍娜·盖格农称:“就算你不经常喝茶,尽量试着在流感季节每天小饮一两杯”。“茶里面的蒸汽促进纤毛生长,就是你鼻子里面的细毛。”纤毛就好比鼻子的空气过滤器,保持纤毛的健康和繁盛,防止细菌滋生让你病倒。

Soak Up Sun

沐浴阳光

“We all think of vitamin C as the immune booster, but recent research has shown that vitamin Dgreatly effects the immune system,” said Dr. Scott M. Schreiber, a chiropractic physician, certified nutrition specialist and Delaware’s only board certified rehabilitation specialist. “[Vitamin D] has been shown to elevate that activity of immune cells.”

脊骨神经医学、持证营养专家、特拉华州唯一资格认证的康复专家斯考特·M·施赖伯博士称:“我们都认为维他命C能够增强抵抗力,但近来一项研究显示维他命D也有助于增强免疫系统。”“研究显示,维他命D能够提升免疫因子的运动。”

Get Dirty

变脏

“Exposing yourself to dirt (and microorganisms) can have a long-lasting impact on your immune system,” Schreiber said. “As a society, we fear getting dirty, when in fact, [studies have shown] it is extremely beneficial.”

施赖伯说:“多接触尘土(和微生物)对你的免疫系统有着长久的影响。”“在社会中,我们害怕变得很脏,但实际上,(研究显示)尘土极其有益。”

Stay Hydrated

多喝水

“As part of overall good health habits, it’s important to maintain good hydration, regardless of the season,” said Medical Director at Cassena Care Dr. Joel Blass. “In colder weather, the body’s metabolismrevs up and you tend to exhale more moisture than usual—it’s important to replenish those fluids.

卡塞纳护理的医学主任乔尔·布拉斯博士称:“不管哪个季节,作为全面的、好的健康习惯的一部分,保持体内良好的水合作用很重要。”“在冰冷的天气中,体内的新陈代谢运动加速,你就会比平常呼出更多的水分。所以补充水分就变得很重要了。”

Bundle Up

把自己裹起来

“It is always a good idea to dress appropriately for the seasons. Fashion aside, there is a health benefit to keeping warm in cold weather,” Blass said. “Cold weather stresses the immune system, and so, while the term ‘catching a cold’ may be a misnomer…a weakened immune system can make you more susceptible to those viruses.”

布拉斯说:“穿应季的衣服总是好的主意。我们应该要温度不要风度,在寒冷的天气中保持身体暖和对健康那是极有益的。”“寒冷的天气会压迫免疫系统,所以‘患感冒’这个词可以说是用词不当……免疫系统被削弱了,这使你更容易受病毒的影响。”

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来源 : 沪江英语网

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